A health worker in protective suit sanitising a market stall.
Research Project

and IHL

The COVID-19 pandemic has severe consequences on people affected by armed conflict. We analyse the aspects of international humanitarian law and the impact of the occupation in the Palestinian territory on the fight against the pandemic.

The COVID-19 pandemic poses an unprecedented challenge for the world. In the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), these challenges are compounded by the pre-existing situation of prolonged occupation.

In Gaza, the pandemic also takes place in the context of a 14-year-old blockade, which has led notably to a chronic lack of access to essential goods and the erosion of health care, water and sanitation services.

The occupation and blockade imposed by Israel severely exacerbate the health, economic and social impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the population and undermine the capacity of local authorities to fight the virus.

Our Research

A health worker sanitising houses in a poor neighborhood in the Gaza Strip.

What are the obligations of third states?

“No one is safe until everyone is safe”. These words, expressed both by the UN Secretary-General and by the Director of WHO, underline the importance of international cooperation to overcome the COVID-19 pandemic.

Medial personnel examine a woman in an ambulance car.

COVID-19 vaccines for the Palestinian population

Who is responsible under international law?

The objective of this Q&A is to clarify who is responsible, under international law, for the vaccination of the Palestinian population of the occupied Palestinian territory.

A group of people collecting grain on a field.

COVID-19 in Gaza

Legal obligations of authorities

This legal brief clarifies the obligations, under international law, of the different authorities that have an influence on the COVID-19 response in Gaza.

Health workers in protective gear discussing with each other, and in the background a tall building.

Obligations of an occupying power during a pandemic

This legal factsheet outlines the main obligations of an occupying power with respect to the health of the population of the occupied territory.

Severely damaged houses and rubble.

Legal implications of demolition and confiscation incidents during the COVID-19 outbreak

Over the past weeks during the COVID-19 pandemic, protection incidents involving demolitions of residential structures, confiscation of medical equipment and food aid and the targeting of WASH infrastructure crucial to combat the further outbreak of the pandemic have been reported in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt).