Medial personnel examine a woman in an ambulance car.
Israeli-Palestinian conflict

COVID-19 Vaccines for the Palestinian Population: Who is Responsible under International Law?

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The objective of this Q&A is to clarify who is responsible, under international law, for the vaccination of the Palestinian population of the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt). To this end, it is useful to distinguish three main phases, each implicating different legal provisions and duty bearers: the supply of vaccines (that is, obtaining quality, safe and effective vaccines in sufficient quantity), the entry of such vaccines into the oPt, and their distribution and administration to Palestinians.