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Colombians took to the streets to celebrate the peace agreement between the government and the Farc guerillas. Photo: Neider Munevar/Diakonia

Peace agreement in Colombia

The Farc guerilla and the Colombian government have agreed on a peace accord, paving the way to end of the armed conflict that has been going on for more than 50 years. For the peace deal to become formal, the Colombian people will have to ratify it in a referendum.


Colombia is one of the world’s most violent countries. The highly segregated society has contributed to the long armed conflict between several left wing guerillas, the army, paramilitaries and drug cartels.
The people of Colombia have suffered severely under the conflict that has been going on for more than half a decade. More than 200.000 people were killed, thousands have been kidnapped and millions have been forced to flee their homes.

Diakonia’s work for peace

Diakonia has worked for peace and human rights in Colombia for 20 years through supporting former child soldiers and vulnerable people in war affected areas, fighting against sexual violence and giving support to human rights defenders.
Diakonia will also be there to monitor the peace accords and actively work for peace.

Negotiations since 2012

Peace talks between Farc and the government have been going on in Cuba’s capital Havanna since November 2012.
In June 2016 the parties signed a cease fire agreement. That was an important step towards peace which has now led to a peace agreement.
According to the deal there is going to be a land reform, Farc-guerillas will have the possibility to engage in politics and Farc will end its’ criminal drug production. There will also be transitional justice where combatants will be granted amnesty. This will not apply to the worst offenders, however.