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Administration of Occupation

The law on occupation is based upon the notions of maintaining status quo, and administering for the benefit of the local protected population. In the context of the oPt some of the clearest violations of international law relate to the polices and practices undertaken by the Occupying Power.

  • Overview

    In order to understand why international law prohibits policies such as settlements, house demolitions, and sets out the restrictive use of natural resources, it is important to understand the limitations...
  • Israeli Settlements

    The presence of Israeli Settlements in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, is a central issue in the context of the conflict. As a matter of law the transfer of population into occupied territory...
  • Forcible Transfer of Protected Populations

    International humanitarian law (IHL) sets out a very strict prohibition on forcible transfer for which there are no exceptions. In the context of the oPt many individuals and communities have or are at risk of...
  • The Separation Wall

    The 712 km wall in the West Bank is a combination of an eight meter high concrete wall and/or ditches, trenches, fences, razor wire, electronic fences and military roads. The International Court of Justice...
  • Gaza Blockade Land & Sea

    Despite the ‘disengagement’ of 2005, Israel continues to be the Occupying Power in the Gaza Strip and the relevant rules of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and International Human Rights Law (IHRL) apply...
  • House Demolitions

    House demolitions are regularly undertaken by the Israeli forces against Palestinian homes in the West Bank, including in East Jerusalem and Area C, despite the fact that private property is strictly protected....
  • Land & Natural Resources

    Under the laws of occupation, the occupying power must respect private property and any use of public property must be done in conformity with the principles of usufruct: namely that such resources can only be...
  • Security & Safety

    As the Occupying Power Israel has the overall responsibility of ensuring law and order in the occupied territory. When maintaining law and order, Israel is bound to respect its humanitarian and human rights...